Lung cancer prevention 人氣: 751
Lung cancer is a common yet perilous disease, often lacking noticeable symptoms in its early stages. However, warning signs include persistent coughing, coughing up blood, chest or back pain, and difficulty breathing.

High-risk groups include:

- Individuals with a smoking history of ≥30 pack-years.
- Those suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
- Individuals with occupational exposure history (such as asbestos, radon, chromium, nickel, etc.).
- Individuals with a passive smoking history of over 20 years, including those who have smoked ≥30 pack-years but quit smoking for less than 15 years.

To prevent lung cancer, the following measures can be taken:

1. Quit smoking: Smoking is a primary risk factor for lung cancer. Quitting smoking or avoiding it can significantly reduce the risk of developing lung cancer.

2. Avoid exposure to risk factors: Avoid prolonged exposure to substances that may cause cancer, such as asbestos, radon, and various chemicals.

3. Reduce indoor and outdoor air pollution: Maintain good indoor ventilation and avoid prolonged exposure to air pollution.

4. Improve cooking methods: Use exhaust hoods while cooking and minimize frying and deep-frying to reduce respiratory irritation from cooking fumes.

5. Avoid exposure to carcinogenic substances: Avoid long-term exposure to chemicals such as asbestos, radioactive materials, heavy metals, and certain industrial chemicals.

6. Maintain a healthy lifestyle: Maintaining a healthy weight, balanced diet, adequate exercise, and good sleep helps strengthen the immune system and reduce the risk of lung cancer.

7. Undergo screening tests: Regular lung screening tests, especially for high-risk groups such as long-term smokers or individuals with a family history of lung cancer, can increase the chances of early detection and successful treatment.

8. Avoid excessive sun exposure: Prolonged exposure to sunlight may increase the risk of developing lung cancer. When the sun is strong, avoid prolonged exposure and use sunscreen and protective clothing to protect the skin.



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